Puritans vs. Anglicans

Even after the Reformation, the Puritans felt the Church of England was too “Rome-ish.”  Many of the rituals preserved by the Anglicans, and still common in the Episcopal Church today, appalled the Puritans.

They vehemently objected to bishops, the Book of Common Prayer, calling clergy “priests,” adorned vestments, images, candles, and all private and national holidays.

King James I of England, who reigned from 1603-1625 (following Elizabeth I), declared that the Puritans must conform to the Church of England’s worship and submit to English bishops and the Book of Common Prayer, or he would “harry them out of the land, or else worse”–“worse” as in dead–so in 1607 the Puritans fled to Holland.

On September 6, 1620 about 100 Puritans sailed from Plymouth, England on the Mayflower. They arrived off Cape Cod two months later, and established their own “Plymouth.” Unfortunately they arrived too late to plant crops, and half the colony died of starvation and disease. The following spring the Iroquois Indians taught them how to hunt and fish, and how to grow corn, a food the Puritans had never seen.  To express their gratitude the Puritans invited them to a celebratory feast which included wild turkey, cooked cranberries, and corn and squash dishes taught to them by the Iroquois.

Many of the original colonists continued to celebrate the harvest with a similar feast of thanksgiving. After the United States became an independent country, Congress recommended a yearly day of thanksgiving for the entire nation.

Thanksgiving & Almost Advent Blessings!

Mother Candace+

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